comment on two student answers 250 each

1. Summarize this information from the textbook.

The information contained in Chapter 1 begins by explaining what politics are and how it they are very important to our lives. They affect us in numerous ways, by the classic definition, it helps address who gets what, when they get it, and how they receive it. In this chapter government is defined and it illustrates the ways in which government affects our everyday life from birth to our death. It also gives us a brief explanation on the different types of government which include totalitarian regimes, authoritarianism and democracy. Democracy as a model is explained, including its history and how direct democracy works. The United States is a Democratic Republic rather than a pure democracy because some of the framers feared pure democracy would lead to mob rule.

The United States Constitution stablished a republic, which we no call a democratic republic because the ultimate power is held with the people through the election process, but the elected officials made national policy decisions. Initially the president and the senate were not elected by a direct vote by the people, they were chosen by state legislators, this changed in a later amendment to the constitution. Although the American government had it limits it provided a great amount of power to its citizens. The popularity of this form of government has grown throughout the world and it is now know as representative democracy. In our democracy we apply the principal of limited government, because it is dependent on popular sovereignty and its powers are limited.

There are varied points of views of the differing political ideologies in the United States, two of the most important are conservatism and liberalism. Now a days our nation seems to be divided and more polarized because the political parties show no overlapping ideologies. This is making it difficult to pass legislation in congress.

Toward the end of the chapter the changing face of America is discussed. We are introduced to the notion that the American citizen is changing due to age and diversity. Diversity is due to immigration and the rise of the Latino is population is referenced due to their higher birthrates.

2. Then, explain how government is necessary or why government is not necessary. Explain in detail.

The government is necessary to keep order and security. It helps keep the peace between different cultural, political, ethnic and religious groups, protecting its citizens from violence. Without government we would all face a greater number of risks to our life, that of our family and property on a daily basis. Instability would likely ensue and no essential services would be provided to the citizens.

3. Does this have anything to do with democracy?

I do believe it has to do with democracy.

4. Give at least one example.

Not all types of government are ideal because they don’t take their citizen’s needs, believes or opinions into account. Even though democracy is not perfect it is a system of government that places political authority on the people. Take for instance a totalitarian regime in which one leader or a small group of leaders make all of the decisions for the society without considering any differing views.” Totalitarianism, a form of government that theoretically permits no individual freedom and that seeks subordinate all aspects of individual life to the authority of the state” (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2018). This type of government does not really provide an effective rule of law because its sole focus is to maintains its power or control over all government operations and its population. A totalitarian government attempts to control all aspects of daily life in order to keep the regime in power and not care to provide needed services to the people.

student 2 (250 words) adriana

1. Summarize this information from the textbook.

Answer: In the text of “American Government and Politics Today,” the section of “Why is government necessary?” it explains the importance of government and its objective to provide the people with security by establishing order within our society. It made a great statement on how crucial it is for the government to provide us, the people, this safekeeping, because otherwise the government would not be able to provide and follow through any other benefits that us, as a society, would expect from it. This section has given examples of governments that currently do not have control or order and the consequences of allowing this disarray.

2. Then, explain how government is necessary or why government is not necessary.
Explain in detail.

Answer: The establishment of government is necessary for the growth and wellbeing of humanity. Government provides the people protection from extreme violence. “By keeping the peace, a government protects its people from violence at the hands of private or foreign armies and criminals.” (Bardes, Shelley, Schmidt, 2017-2018 p.5). If we did not have government in place to protect us from extremists and the carelessness of people with a criminal agenda, it would be difficult of us as a people to unite and defend our way of life and the peace in everyday living. Obviously the government must prove to the people its legitimacy before applying its authority and enforcing the wants and needs of the people of it which is serves. Ultimately, an entity needs to assume this role and that is the government, which is the protection and longevity of what is the human race.

3. Does this have anything to do with democracy?

Answer: Democracy plays a big role in the importance of government. Everyone has a voice and people want to be heard without the fear of any type of negative response as a reprimand for vocalizing of ones true feelings. Democracy allows peace within the people themselves. Democracy gives people the opportunity to advocate for things that are of concern and as well keeping things implemented that provide order.

4. Give at least one example.

Answer: In “The International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy”, a piece called “Trust and normative democratic peace theory” discusses the democratic peace theory and the data of comparison between democratic and non-democratic countries’ willingness to engage in war and conflict. “The existence of democratic systems hinges on consent and trust of the governed; therefore, mutual trust and respect are paramount for peaceful resolution of conflicts ([31] Russett, 1993).” (Zimelis, 2012).The theory that democracy provides peace because our workings are based on mutual respect for one another. This provides us the ability to vocalize and be protected by the government of which we elect.

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English 101: Planning

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